True  Nepal


                                        Prithvi Narayan Shah (1743-1775)

Father: Narbhupal Shah
Mother: Kaushalyawati
Wives: Narendra Rajya Laxmi,Indra Kumari
Ruled: 1743-1775 
Major Works and Events
-Conquered several states and united them into a mighty Gorkha Kingdom.
- Established a sound administration with a stable economic base and laid the foundation of an independent country.
- Gained victory over British and Muslim forces.
- The nine-storey Basantapur Durbar, the seven storey Durbar, the Ranga Mahal and Tilanga House of Nuwakot were built.
- Gave valuable advice, popularly known as "Divine Counsels" ( Dibya Upadesh), to his successors.

                                       Pratap Singh Shah(1775-1777)

Father: Prithivi Narayan Shah
Mother: Narendra Rajya Laxmi
Ruled: 1775-1777
 Major Works and Events
- Maintained friendly relations with neighboring states and countries.
- Waged war with Sikkim but failed to conquer it.
- Commenced the custom of erecting a Linga (pillar) in the occasion of Indrajatra festival at Hanuman Dhoka Durbar.
- Organized a conference of Sanskrit scholars at Balaju in which scholars from 12 countries participated.

                                           Rana Bahadur Shah(1777-1799)

Father: Pratap Singh Shah Ruled: 1777-1799

Major Works and Events
- The valiant Damodar and Amar Singh Thapa invaded Garhwal, Almorah and Kumaon, and annexed them to the Kingdom of Nepal.
- The Kingdom of Nepal's border extended from Kashmir to Sikkim, from the Himalayas to the border of Agra, Bihar and Bengal to the South.
- After the death of Kantiwati, the king became mad with sorrow. He smashed many idols to pieces including Taleju.
- The rate of interest was fixed for taking loans.
- Several laws for the development of trade and industry were made.
- He successfully reformed the system of measurements.
- Dharahara and Sundhara were built.
- Rana Bahadur was stabbed to death by Sher Bahadur (his step brother)

                                          Girvan Yudha Bikram Shah(1799-1816)

Father: Rana Bahadur Shah
Ruled: 1799-1816
 Major Works and Events
-Battle of Nalapani (Khalanga)
- Battle of Jaithak
- Battle of Jeetgarh
- Battle of Devthal
- Battle of Gadwan
- Nepal-British war
- Sugauli treaty was signed in favor of British, and Nepal suffered a great loss.

                                           Rajendra Bikram Shah (1816-1847)

Father: Girvan Yudha Bikram Shah
Ruled: 1816-1847
Major Works and Events
- The country was given a number of economic reforms.
- Slavery was abolished and roads were constructed for travelers.
- The Cot massacre , the Bhandarkhar event and the Alou event took place.
- The start of Rana regime.
- Emphasis was given to inoculating children against small-pox.
- English education was introduced in Nepal.

                                            Surendra Bikram Shah (1847-1881)

Father: Rajendra Bikram Shah
Ruled: 1847-1881
 Major Works And Events
- Roads from Kathmandu to Birjung and Bhaktapur to Thankot were built.
- Swayambhu stupa was renovated.
- The first census was taken.
- The practice of taking life of women on charges of witchcraft was abolished.

                                            Prithvi Bir Bikram Shah (1881-1911)

Father: Surendra Bikram Shah
Ruled: 1881-1911
 Major Works And Events
- Assassination of Ranodwip Singh.
- Good supply of water and strict sanitary systems were applied.
- The first automobile was brought in Nepal.
- Improvement in military and judicial administration.
- Along with slavery system, Sati custom was also abolished.
- Nepal was recognized as an independent sovereign country.
- A dreadful earthquake occurred which caused a heavy loss of life and wealth.
- Nepal took part in the World War in favor of British.
- Great patriots, Dharma Bhakta, Sukraraj Shastri, Dashrath Chand and Ganga lal Shrestha were sentenced to death.
- High court was established.
- Several schools and colleges were established

                                             Tribhuvan Bir Bikram Shah (1911-1955)

Father: Prithivi Bir Bikram Shah
Major Works and Events
-Rana autocracy reached its end.
- Several parties were established to end the Rana regime.
- Delhi agreement (for the formation of a new ministry under the king's leadership) was signed.

                                             Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah (1955-1972)

Father: Tribhuvan Bir Bikram Shah
Mother: Kanti Rajya Laxmi
Major Works And Events
- Diplomatic relationship was established with China on the basis of five major points.
- Nepal became the member of U.N.O. in December,1955 A.D.
- First general election for the cabinet was conducted.
- Planned mechanism of development started.
- Diplomatic relations with numerous countries were established.
- Panchayat was introduced in Nepal for the general welfare of the people

                                             Birendra Bir Bikram Shah (1972-2001)

Birth:28 December,1945 A.D.
Father: Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah
Mother: Indra Rajya Laxmi Devi
Wife: Aishwarya Rajya Laxmi Devi Shah
Ruled: 1972-2001
 Major Works And Events

- His Late Majesty acquired his early education at St. Joshep's School, Darjeeling and higher education at Eton College, England, (1959 A.D.-1964 A.D.), University of Tokyo (Japan) and Harvard University (USA), (1967 A.D.-1968 A.D.).
- On 1st Chaitra,2011 (15th March,1955 A.D.), he was declared as the crown prince.
- On 17th Magh, 2028 (1970 A.D.), he was declared as the Heir-Apparent to the throne of Kingdom of Nepal.
- He announced Nepal as a democratic country in 1990 after a popular movement.
- He announced a new constitution in 2047 (1940 A.D.)
- Much emphasis was given on scientific methods of agriculture.
- The industry in remote areas were more facilitated.
- 20-year Health Plan was implemented to extend health services to the natives on large scale.
- Panchayat system was abolished and Multi-party system was introduced.
- New Educational System Plan was introduced.

Dipendra Bir Bikram Shah (2-4 June 2001)

Birth: June 27,1971 A.D.
Father: Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev
Mother: Aishwarya Rajya Laxmi Devi Shah
Ruled: June 2,2001 June 4,2001 A.D)
 Major Works And Events
- Acquired his early education from Budhanilkantha Boarding Secondary School and higher studies (GCSE/"O" and "A" Level) from Eton College, Windsor, UK, (1987 A.D.-1990 A.D.), BA from Tri-Chandra Multiple Campus, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu Nepal (1991A.D.-1992 A.D.), MA in Geography (Distinction), TU, Kathmandu (1992 A.D.-1994 A.D.). He was preparing to submit Doctoral Thesis in the Department of Population, Tribhuvan University at the time of his death.
- Received the Private Pilot License for AS 332L/L1 Super Puma, Department of Civil Aviation, HMG/N, 1993.
- He was declared Heir Apparent to the Throne of the Kingdom of Nepal in 1972 A.D.
- He was commissioned as Colonel-in-Chief of the Royal Nepal Army in 1990 A.D.and the patron of National Sports Council, Royal Nepal Golf Club and Nepal Olympics Committee.

Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah (2001-)

Father: Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah
Mother: Indra Rajya Laxmi Devi
Wife: Komal Shah
Ruled: 2001 - till date
 Major Works And Events
- He has been crowned twice.In November 1950, the then Rana prime minister had made him king at the age of four after King Tribhuvan and King Mahendra secretly left Kathmandu for India to return in February 1951.
- King Gyanendra is well known in Nepal for his conservation work.
- He is a leading figure in the King Mahendra Trust for Nature Conservation and has worked closely with the World Wildlife Fund.   
                                                                                                  Nepal last king

                                   Timeline - Nepal

June 01st 2001 will go down in the history as the darkest day of our times.The Kingdom of Nepal witnessed the gruesome massacre of almost the entire royal family. In a bizarre incident Nepal's Crown Prince Dipendra killed his father King Birendra, and eight other members of the royal family, which includes Queen Aishwarya Rajya Laxmi Devi Shah, Princess Shruti and Prince Nirajan Bir Bikram Shah Dev, before killing himself. The killings sparked grief, anger and confusion among the people of Nepal. Three days later Prince Gyanendra, late King Birendra's younger brother, ascended the throne. King Gyanendra, after his ascension, appointed a three-member committee to investigate the killings. The commision's report officially declared Crown Prince Dipendra as the murderer. The incident of 01st June 2001 was probably the most severe test ten-year-old democracy had faced.The nation was under tremendous grief.There were voilent protests on the streets.

There were several arrests made.The new King Gyanendra ascended the throne a midst tight security. During the funeral,a huge crowd gathered to a pay final tribute to their Late King.The small nation of Nepal gathered itself to give it's King the final farewell.The man who had ruled the country for 30 years, who had done so much for the country and it's people, was given a warm farewell.King Birendra had been a tremendous king, he was a king who gave his people just about everthing they wanted, from referendum to Democracy. And the way he died was really disheartening to the people of Nepal. Many still haven't overcome it,and how can they ?

Timeline-Nepal will and try to provide non - biased information regarding the murders and the circumstances leading to it.